Ultrasound of the pelvis may be done by two methods which are transabdominal - through a full bladder or transvaginal - endocavity.
Both methods are important. The transabdominal ultrasound provides a panoramic view of the whole pelvis. Transvaginal ultrasound will provide excellent visualization of some structures as well as fetal heart beat in early pregnancy since it is closer to the examined area. The transvaginal ultrasound and transabdominal ultrasound will not be painful. Doppler ultrasound may also be used.
Common reasons for pelvic ultrasound are to look for causes of pelvic pain. Other reasons include abnormal bleeding, abnormal gynecologic examination results, symptoms of pelvic infection, localization of intrauterine contraceptive device, and urinary incontinence.